Zu: Maud Mannoni - Das zurückgebliebene Kind und seine Mutter (German Edition)
Together with Myriam David and others she explored the relation of single mothers to their first child and subsequently worked as a psychologist at a Salvation Army institution for single mothers. In she established a psychoanalytic practice in Paris, shortly before she divorced. From to she directed the journal Psychanalystes. Anne Levallois was particularly interested in the relation between psychoanalysis, biography and history. Levallois' study on Urbain elucidated the effects of traumatising social conditions on subjectivation.
Further main points of Anne Levallois were tranference phantasies and the signifiers of femininity. An anthology of her texts between and was published posthumously under the title Une psychanalyste dans l'histoire.
She spent her early childhood in Colombo, Ceylon, where her father was general consul of the Netherlands. The return of her family to Europe in signified for the little girl the loss of her childhood paradise. She forgot her mother tongue English and the Singhalese words of her nurse when she lived with her French speaking grandfather, and in her unloved new residence in Amsterdam she had to learn Dutch.
These experiences shaped Maud Mannoni's central question: how to refind the lost language of childhood. After attending a convent school in Antwerp, Magdalena van der Spoel studied criminology in Brussels. During World War II she worked with psychotic adolescents at a psychiatric clinic and decided to train as a psychoanalyst. In she married the philosopher and psychoanalyst Octave Mannoni , an analysand of Jacques Lacan and a left-wing intellectual.
During the s Maud Mannoni and her husband engaged themselves in fighting for the independence of Algeria. In she met Jacques Lacan, with whom she had her second analysis, and became a Lacanian. During a stay in London she became acquainted with the concepts of Donald W. Winnicott and Melanie Klein and the anti-psychiatry of Ronald D.
Maud Mannoni was able to realise her ideas in by founding the Experimental school of Bonneuil along with Robert Lefort, a residential community for psychotic, retarded and troubled children and adolescents in Bonneuil-sur-Marne. It was the only anti-psychiatric project in France inspired by the British model. As the directrice of this school she put into practice Lacanian psychoanalysis, anti-psychiatric ideas and Winnicott's concept of a "supporting environment". For Mannoni the disturbed child is a "spokesperson" for the dysfunctional family, whose history is written in the child's symptoms and expressions.
In her view this pathogenic development is reinforced by social exclusion mechanisms. At Bonneuil the children were encouraged to give voice to their fears, destructive feelings and fantasies. Central to Mannoni's therapeutic approach is the cultivation of the capacity to play that makes loss bearable.
She seeks to free the child from the suffocating effect of the anxiety and desires of the Other - first of all his mother - by helping him find a personal language in the symbolic order. Following her study of psychology in Dunedin, Joyce Carrington worked as a vocational and family counsellor in Dunedin and Auckland. In the family settled in England.
She met Donald W. Winnicott and attended his course in woman's psychosexuality. She underwent training analysis with Marc Schlumberger and was appointed training and supervising analyst of the SPP in In she became the scientific secretary of the SPP. She underwent another analysis with Michel Renard. In the early s she met Sidney Stewart , an American writer and psychoanalyst, who became her second life partner after her separation from Jimmy McDougall. She established a child-therapeutic practice and analysed, under the supervision of Serge Lebovici, a nine-and-a-half-year-old psychotic boy, whose case she described in her book Dialogue with Sammy.
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Main themes in here writings are: female homosexuality - for the first time discussed by her in her study Homosexuality in women , as well psychosomatic illness and issues of sexual identity and creativity. In her first book Plea for a Measure of Abnormality she suggested her renowned revision of the Freudian concept of perversion.
In Joyce McDougall's view the classical division into neurosis, psychosis and perversion is too rigid to understand sexual deviations, which are linked with narcissistic personality disorders. Instead of "perversion" she prefered the term "neosexualities", i. Joyce McDougall was convinced that all sexual behaviour so bizarre and strange as it might be serves for psychic survival.
She pleaded to accept "deviant" sexuality and not to adapt it to norms by psychoanalysis. In Joyce McDougall's work psychic reality appears like a stage on which the narcissistic and oedipal dramas are played out. Referring to Melanie Klein and Piera Aulagnier , she conceived the metaphor of an inner theatre particularly in her books Theaters of the Mind and Theaters of the Body. Her book The Many Faces of Eros deals with the varied forms of human sexuality basing on an inborn bisexuality.
For McDougall female homosexuality, for instance, is no pathological deviation, because homosexual wishes of a girl toward her mother are a fundamental component of female development.gevidercont.tk
Only the shaping of these wishes is different in the lives of homosexual and heterosexual women. She died at the age of 91 in London. At the time of Judith's birth her mother was still married to Georges Bataille, whom she divorced in Jacques Lacan got divorced from his first wife in and married Sylvia Bataille in Unlike her half-sister Laurence Bataille who had received formal psychoanalytic training, Judith Bataille-Lacan did not undergo analysis, but formed part of the circle of Lacan's disciples since her teens.
Judith Miller played an important role in the Lacanian movement. She studied philosophy at the Sorbonne in Paris, before she began an analysis with Jacques Lacan in , which lasted eight years. During her analysis she became his lover. She left the ECF in She stated that pedagogy which bases on psychoanalysis must end up in a blind alley, because the position of a child analyst is not compatible with that of a pedagogue. The latter cannot represent a neutral mirror, for he always has - consciously or unconsciously - an educational intention.
Unlike the pedagogue, a psychoanalyst has no certainties or solutions to offer, unless it is the realization of an indelible lack and thus the liberation from depending on the look of the Other. Well known are Millot's theses on transsexuality. In her essay on transsexuality, Horsexe , she maintains that a woman's transsexuality reveals a hysterical process, while a man's transsexuality bases on a psychotic identification with the ideal woman, i. Further subjects of Catherine Millot's work are the conditions of literary creativity as well as perversion or homosexuality in the literature.
Beside her books she published numerous articles in the Lacanian journals Sicilet and Ornicar? Stein in the Seminar of Jacques Lacan, which was the beginning of her theoretical examination of femininity. In it, Montrelay takes up the s Freud-Jones controversy about femininity from a structural psychoanalytic perspective and sketches her concept of a precocious "concentric" circular oral-anal-vaginal femininity. She shows that the girl, in contrast to the boy, cannot differentiate herself from the body of the mother, because the real of the maternal body remains present in her own body.
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Thus the symbolic castration i. The result is a concentric psychic economy, which is, according to Montrelay, characterized by idle representations and plenitude in the real. The privileged relationship of women to the body however implies also a frightening too great closeness to the objects. The women's access to symbolization depends on the transition into the phallocentric economy by substituting the phallic signifier for the concentric representatives. Thus femininity is repressed and can be symbolized.
In Lacan forbade her to conduct a seminar on male sexuality at his institute at the University of Vincennes, declaring that if women are not entirely governed by the phallic function, they can have nothing to say about it. She is married, has three children and lives in Paris.
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Sophie Morgenstern, one of the pioneering figures of child psychoanalysis in France, was born into a Jewish family in Grodno in Poland. She was married to Abraham Morgenstern, her daughter Laure was born in She held the position from until her death in Like Anna Freud , she believed that children's neurosis had the same structure and the same origins as those of adults. She stressed that the children's drawings gave the analyst access to their unconscious and psychic conflicts in a similar way as the dreams and free associations of an adult would do - an insight less familiar at her time than nowadays.
The symbolic sense of the imaginative creations of the child was the subject of her main work Psychanalyse infantile , published in and dedicated to her daughter Laure.
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Laure Morgenstern had died during an operation in , and Sophie Morgenstern never got over the loss of her only child. On 13 June she committed suicide, one day before German troops entered Paris. Marie Moscovici was the daughter of Jewish-Polish parents who immigrated to France shortly before her birth.
The family survived the German occupation under a false name. She was working as a sociological research intern at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique CNRS in Paris, when she married Serge Moscovici , a Romanian-Jewish social psychologist with whom she had two sons.
Their eldest son Pierre, later a well-known politician, was born in In Marie Moscovici graduated with a thesis about social change and family organisation. The concept of inactuality, understood as the continuance of a past event in the unconscious, was one of the main subjects of Marie Moscovici's writings.
Mannoni, Maud 1923-1998
Referring to Sigmund Freud's thoughts about murder, war and violence, she explored the inscription of historical events into individual histories and its unconscious transmission from one generation to the next. In the s Gisela Pankow converted to Catholicism. After giving a series of conferences in Australia and spending a year of research and teaching in the United States, she returned to Paris in Gisela Pankow's main area of interest was the analysis of psychosis.
According to Pankow the body image serves two symbolic functions: The first ensures the recognition of spatial and formal structure incorporating a dialectic of inside and outside, and part and whole , the second involves the content and meaning of that structure. Thus the body image is the basis of the ego and its relation to the other. The body image of a psychotic is disturbed. It is radically dissociated in "nuclear psychoses" schizophrenia with disturbances of the first function, whereas in "marginal psychoses" hysterical psychoses , which concern the second function, the body image is only partially affected.
The objective of the cure is the restoration of the symbolic structures of the body image through a reintegration of the excluded. For this purpose Gisela Pankow introduced her original technique involving modelling clay as a mediating element.
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